Akira, age 3, always arrived at school with a broad smile and an eagerness to begin playing. However, for the past week he has been arriving in a tearful state almost every morning. He says “that nothing is wrong” when asked why he is crying. As Akira’s teacher, you record your observations on the daily attendance form.
Recently, you have also noted that Akira has shown little interest in any art activities. This was always one of his favorite things to do but now he seems to spend more time alone in the book corner. In addition, the slightest negative comment or request often causes Akira to become angry and to overreact. He has also become aggressive (e.g., hitting, pushing, and taking away toys) toward the other children, which is not characteristic for Akira. You are deeply concerned and determined to learn what circumstances may be causing these troubling behaviors, so you begin to formulate a plan.